10 Great Sculptors Who Changed the History of Art


Sculpture is a kind of visual art that has existed since the earliest stages of human existence. Prior to the establishment of art museums, curators, and art schools, and even before artworks were recognized as art created by individual artists such as painters and sculptors, sculpture existed.

We are discussing a period predating the Greek and Roman eras, along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. This takes us back to the earliest known civilizations. The history of sculpture is one with the history of humanity.

Sculpture has evolved significantly as an art form, giving rise to a multitude of distinct sculptural forms. Our sculptural history has flourished, evolving from religious sculpture, primordial figurines, ancient reliefs, and figurative carvings.

However, which prominent individuals facilitated the prominence of sculptures around the world?

Additionally, which sculptures played a crucial role in the transition from the massive figures of the past to the present?

Let us dive into some of the lives of the greatest sculptors of all time!!


When seeing ancient Greek sculpture, one likely imagines a realistic depiction sculpted from marble. That can be attributed to Praxiteles of Athens, who was one of the top sculptors. In the 4th century BCE, he refined the realistic style commonly linked with classical statuary by incorporating a deliberate nonchalant and sensual quality into the rigid and formal approach employed by earlier painters from Attic Greece.

There is just one existing artwork that is thought to have been created by him, which is a marble sculpture called Hermes Carrying the Infant Dionysus. However, scholars have argued that it could really be a replica done by another Greek sculptor. It is believed, though, that even as a reproduction, it would precede subsequent replicas of Praxiteles's artwork, which were produced centuries later by Roman painters.


Michelangelo, being one of the most famous sculptors of all time, had exceptional skill not just in sculpture but also in painting and building. Despite being born in Caprese, he predominantly resided in Florence and Rome throughout his lifetime. Upon successfully persuading his father of his artistic vocation, he started his education in painting in Domenico Ghirlandaio's studio, followed by the study of sculpture at the Medici Garden.

Upon his arrival in Rome at the age of 23, the prodigious figure of the Renaissance was promptly entrusted with a task by Cardinal de Saint Denis. Therefore, over a span of less than a year, he produced The Pietà, the pinnacle of his early artistic career, which is currently on display in St. Peter's Basilica.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Gianlorenzo Bernini, with a career spanning almost 70 years, is often regarded as the quintessential artist of the Baroque era. Bernini, a child prodigy, was already producing expansive marble sculptures throughout his teenage years and became quite the talk as one of the greatest sculptors of all time. Subsequently, he assumed the role of the designer for St. Peter's Basilica, emulating Michelangelo's work. He was responsible for crafting the Basilica's renowned plaza and colonnade, as well as its central bronze canopy.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini


Bernini, a skilled artisan, is renowned for his remarkable aptitude for manipulating materials to generate dynamic motion and evoke profound emotions through his artistic creations. With his touch, marble undergoes a metamorphosis, taking on the appearance of supple flesh that is so lifelike that it tempts one to extend their palm and exert pressure against it.

Auguste Rodin

Rodin, a world-famous sculptor, was a perennial target of criticism during his lifetime. His work was deemed unusual, leading to its rejection by academic art schools and a lack of acceptance by his colleagues.

Nevertheless, this challenge serves as a remarkable monument to his ingenuity. Currently, he is widely regarded as the progenitor of modernism, which encompasses the overarching themes of art throughout the early 1900s.

auguste rodin

Auguste Rodin The Thinker

Contrary to emphasizing classical mythology, allegory, or religious themes and storylines, Rodin's artwork was characterized by a more impressionistic approach, with a stronger concentration on the particular subject and a less refined finish. He removed the statue's stance from its pedestal, thereby granting access to the subsequent subversive and imaginative artworks.

Constantin Brancusi

Constantin Brancusi, a prominent sculptor in the 20th century, played a crucial role in shaping modernism. The Romanian artist was profoundly impacted by indigenous customs while also actively seeking inspiration from non-European civilizations.

The sculptures he creates are considered the best sculptors of all time for their precise and symmetrical lines, as seen in his highly regarded Bird in Space series. In addition, Brancusi crafted exceptional sculptures that were shown outside. Endless Column is one of the three artworks he produced to honor the Romanian heroes of World War I. The totem is adorned with a half-rhomboid form at its apex, serving as a representation of infinity.

Pablo Picasso

Picasso is a renowned figure in the realm of art, and the majority of individuals would be capable of identifying one of his creations. His style is highly distinctive and has become widely recognized as Cubism.

Although Picasso is generally recognized for his paintings, he was also highly productive in sculpting and consistently maintained this artistic approach across several mediums.

Pablo Picasso


He is among the most famous sculptors and artists for his groundbreaking work in the art technique called assemblage, which involves creating three-dimensional collages from found materials.

Antonio Canova

Antonio Canova was raised mostly by his stonecutter and sculptor grandpa, who was born in Possagno, Italy. He started creating his masterpieces during 1750–1850, during the Neoclassical era, and mythical or religious themes were common in his marble sculptures.

Antonio Canova

Canova is well renowned for his sculpture "The Three Graces," which depicts the three daughters of Zeus in a loving embrace and dates it to about 1813–1817. The composition showcases his preference for fluid, natural forms and his dedication to Neoclassicism.


Donatello, one of the most significant painters and great sculptors of all time, began his career as a goldsmith before briefly working at Lorenzo Ghiberti's Florence studio. He ventured out on his own after helping Ghiberti decorate the Baptistery in Florence, Italy.


Donatello started breaking away from the Gothic tradition in sculpture with his sculptures of St. Mark and St. George, which were finished in 1415 for the front of Or San Michele, the church of the Florentine guilds. This kind of realism has not been seen since Greco-Roman times. His most well-known creation, the bronze statue of David from 1460, was the result of his greatest efforts and the first known free-standing, nude statue created by an artist since ancient antiquity.

Robert Smithson

In the 20th century, there was a significant expansion of the boundaries of what artists were capable of achieving and how they might define the concept of sculpture. The century was characterized by a dedicated pursuit of creative innovation, resulting in a wide range of styles, media, and subjects.

Robert Smithson was among the great sculptors of all time who pushed the boundaries of art in the 20th century. His work revolved around the creation of artistic expressions using the land, skillfully managing the terrain to achieve aesthetic results.

Arguably his most renowned masterpiece is the Spiral Jetty, which was erected in the Great Salt Lake located in Utah, United States.

Yayoi Kusama

Kusama is highly renowned and one of the most famous sculptors. The primary source of her immense popularity arises from her mirrored "Infinity Rooms," which have proven to be irresistible for Instagram users. However, her career spans over six decades. Beginning in her childhood, the Japanese artist experienced hallucinations characterized by intermittent bursts of luminosity or auras, as well as patterns of dots and flowers that communicated with her.

These experiences have served as the source of inspiration for her artistic creations, which encompass not only the aforementioned rooms but also paintings, sculptures, and installations that utilize vibrant, surreal patterns of polka dots and other motifs.

From 1957 to 1972, she resided in New York City, where she became well-known for her chairs adorned with fabric phalluses and for organizing outdoor events that included public nudity. However, her ongoing psychological problems have persisted, leading her to voluntarily admit herself to a mental hospital in Japan in 1977, where she has resided ever since.

The Enduring Influence of Sculptors Across Time

Sculpture has historically served as a means to showcase artistic mastery and offer a valuable understanding of a specific cultural era. Renowned sculptors have consistently led the way in pioneering artistic advancements, profoundly influencing the course of art history.

Feel free to explore the sculptures currently available for purchase on our website in order to gain a deeper understanding of the wide range of artworks currently being offered. You may potentially discover a novel addition to your art compilation.

Browse our different decor collections today.

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